U. S. History

August 2, 1931: Albert Einstein Urged Scientists to Refuse to Cooperate with Preparations for War

On August 2, 1931, the Associated Press reported that Albert Einstein appealed to “the scientists of the world to refuse to cooperate in research for the creation of new instruments of war,” in a letter read to an international conference in Lyons, France of opponents of war. Those who think that the danger of war…

The Last Shadow of Liberty

Dignities and high sounding names have different effects on different beholders. The lustre of the Star and the title of My Lord, over-awe the superstitious vulgar, and forbid them to inquire into the character of the possessor: Nay more, they are, as it were, bewitched to admire in the great, the vices they would honestly…

Hormel Workers Won a Historic Victory – November 13, 1933

1933: Striking workers at the Hormel meatpacking facility warm themselves around a fire in Austin, Minnesota. Photo courtesy of Minnesota Historical Society. Click on image to enlarge.           On November 13, 1933, in what historians have suggested was the first officially-recorded sitdown strike in U.S. history, victorious workers at the Hormel…